Bipolar disorder is a disorder that causes significant changes in mood, energy, and concentration. It affects a person's ability to perform daily activities. Bipolar disorder is often diagnosed during late adolescence. It is necessary to identify the signs, so you can begin maintaining your mental health early on.
Types of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar I Disorder
There are usually manic episodes that will last for at least a week. A person with Bipolar I may have severe symptoms that requires urgent hospital care. You may experience depressive episodes that often last at least two weeks.
Bipolar II Disorder
Characterized by depressive and hypomanic episodes. However, the manic episodes are not as severe as those of Bipolar I.
Also known as Cyclothymia, there are periods of hypomanic symptoms. A person may also experience depressive symptoms for at least two years.
Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
The usual signs of bipolar disorder include changes in sleep patterns, intense emotion, changes in activity levels, and manic or depressive episodes.
Symptoms of a Manic Episode
- Feeling jumpy
- Loss of appetite
- Less need for sleep
- Talking fast
- Feeling able to perform multiple tasks
Symptoms of a Depressive Episode
- Feeling of worthlessness
- Increased appetite
- Trouble concentrating
- Unable to sleep
- Decreased interest in activities
Risk Factors of Bipolar Disorder
There is no single cause for bipolar disorder. One of the factors that can contribute to bipolar disorder is genetics. Research suggests that having family members with this disorder can increase your chances of developing it. Some studies have shown that people with bipolar disorder have a different brain structure than those without it. Understanding some of these differences may be key to improving treatment.
When to Get Professional Help with Bipolar Disorder?
It is important to seek help right away. Bipolar disorder is a long-lasting condition, and leaving it unchecked can be detrimental to your mental health. Find a medical professional to determine a treatment plan.
Is There Treatment for Bipolar Disorder?
Fortunately, you can prevent bipolar disorder from interfering with your daily life. Some treatment options are:
Medication is a common treatment that helps keep symptoms under control. It can decrease the severity of episodes. Be sure to check with your doctor to find the right medication for you.
Also known as talk therapy, it aims to analyze and change troubling emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. Therapists may use cognitive-behavioral therapy or interpersonal and social rhythm therapy.
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
TMS involves the use of magnetic waves to stimulate certain areas of the brain. Patients undergo TMS while awake, and treatment lasts four to six weeks. People with bipolar disorder may see improvement in their depressive episodes.
Where Can You Get Help with Bipolar Disorder?
Going to a doctor's office is the first step to managing your bipolar disorder. MidValley Healthcare provides a range of services that improve mental health. We understand that our patients are individuals struggling with bipolar disorder. To schedule an appointment, contact us today.